The financial collapse of 2008 had the greatest impact on the financial services industry since World War II, resulting in consolidation and extensive regulation. The crisis coincided with increased competition from emerging economic powers, nonbanks and fintech organizations. Consumer behavior, from the adoption of mobile banking to P2P payments, forced banks to retool and respond with innovative products and investments in new delivery channels. Technology changed rapidly as well. In the capital markets, trading became fully automated, with pricing, risk decisions and settlement across exchanges made in milliseconds.