All things that can be automated will be automated. Beyond the careful choreography of sophisticated workflow, managing myriad simultaneous requests puts unprecedented demand on the software that must schedule and perpetually deliver against well-defined service levels, in real time. Gone are the days of simple batch processing. Welcome to the oh-so-very-flat world that is embracing service-oriented architectures, grid architectures, expansive ecosystems, and end-to-end processing. Workload scheduling has got to grow up.